LONDON (AP) -- West Bromwich Albion striker Nicolas Anelka has lost the support of the French Jewish community leader he was citing to defend his use of a gesture deemed anti-Semitic.
But the former France international was publicly backed Thursday by the French performer who popularized the "quenelle" gesture and has been repeatedly convicted of inciting racial hatred or anti-Semitism.
Anelka insists his use of the gesture, which has been described as an "inverted Nazi salute," was not anti-Semitic.
But he is facing a minimum five-game ban if an English Football Association panel rules that his goal-celebration gesture was a racially aggravated breach of its rules. Anelka has until 1800 GMT Thursday to formally respond.
The player responded to this week's FA charge by highlighting through his Facebook and Twitter accounts how the Jewish organization which represents France's estimated 500,000 Jews said the gesture was not offensive because it was performed on a football field rather than in front of a Jewish site or Holocaust memorial.
But Representative Council of French Jewish Institutions President Roger Cukierman has backpedalled on his earlier comments, now stressing that the gesture is "an inversed Hitler salute." Cukierman said he is "troubled" Anelka dedicated his quenelle to French performer Dieudonne M'Bala M'Bala, "whose own motives are incontestably anti-Semitic."
"It must be noted that the quenelle gesture has spread dangerously among our fellow citizens and especially among young people," Cukierman said on his organization's website. "I was disappointed by Anelka's attitude, whose behavior is the opposite of that which should be shown by a top-class athlete to the youths of our country."
But Anelka does have the backing of Dieudonne, who has agreed to abandon a controversial show banned in several French cities after angering the government.
"Nicolas Anelka has all my support, that's evident," Dieudonne told British broadcaster Sky News. "I consider him a brother in humanity. He's someone who is very courageous and for whom I have very much respect and admiration."
Dieudonne has been held by French police for questioning twice in the last two days. A bailiff who delivered documents demanding that Dieudonne pay back taxes said he was shot at with Flash-balls from Dieudonne's house west of Paris, according to the regional prosecutor's office. Dieudonne, who has denied wrongdoing, was released both times without charge.
Anelka performed the gesture as he celebrated scoring in West Brom's 3-3 draw with West Ham in the Premier League on Dec. 28.
Associated Press writer Angela Charlton and AP Sports Writer John Leicester in Paris contributed to this report.